they occupy, inhabit, hold that space ...
Whereas the migrant leaves behind a milieu that has become amorphous or hostile,
the nomad is one who does not depart,
does not want to depart,
who clings to the smooth space left by the receding forest, where the steppe or the desert advances,
and who invents nomadism as a response to this challenge ... The nomads are there, on the land,
wherever there forms a smooth space that gnaws,
and tends to grow, in all directions.
The nomads inhabit these places;
they remain in them, and they themselves make them grow, for it has been established
that the nomads make the desert
no less than they are made by it.
They are vectors of deterritorialization.
They add desert to desert, steppe to steppe,
by a series of local operations
whose orientation and direction endlessly vary.
The sand desert has not only oases,
which are like fixed points,
but also rhizomatic vegetation that is temporary
and shifts location according to local rains,
bringing changes in the direction of the crossings ...
The variability, the polyvocality of directions,
is an essential feature of smooth spaces of the rhizome type, and it alters their cartography"